US Highway 1 was originally known as the Atlantic Highway and started out as a rough wagon road. US-1 was created piecemeal from existing roads, much the same as all early numbered U.S. highways.
There is a 40-foot wide stretch of the road built in the mid-1800s between Buberry and Neshaming creeks. Parts of it is known as the Byberry Pike, Benesalem Pike and Lincoln Highway. It became a limited access highway in 1921, lengthened in 1932 and rebuilt in 1971.